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Did you know that Python was named after Monty Python?
One of the world’s most popular coding languages, Python was first conceptualized in the late ’80s, influenced by the ABC and Modula-3 languages. It has come a long way from its first release in 1991 to the 2.0 release when it became an open-source project, and to this day it is gathering a huge, professional community that is constantly improving the technology.
Listen to “The 16 Most Important Pros and Cons of using Python for Web Development” on Spreaker.
Is Python good for web development? If you are wondering about this, you can look at examples of what has already been developed with it. This will bring some perspective to the topic before going into Python’s pros and cons.
Some of the top companies use Python in their technology stacks:
Python web development suits a variety of projects, from simple to complex. It is widely used in different spheres such as travel, healthcare, transportation, finance, and many others for web development and software testing, scripting, and generation.
There are several factors that simplify the use of Python for web development:
Python is incredibly easy to read, so developers typically have no problems understanding code written by their fellow programmers. This makes the communication between developers working on the same project much more efficient. And a great selection of IDEs for Python development makes web programming even more comfortable.
It doesn’t take much effort to write and maintain asynchronous code using Python since there are no deadlocks or research contention or any other confusing issues. Each unit of such code runs separately, allowing you to handle various situations and problems faster. This makes Python website development an ideal choice for many companies who want to create their product faster.
Compared to other coding languages, such as Java, Python has a less-limited programming approach. It has multiple paradigms and can support a multitude of programming styles, including procedural, object-oriented, and functional ones. This makes Python a great language for startups since you might need to change your approach at any given moment.
Here’s what it gives you:
Python is a popular choice for enterprise software applications, largely thanks to its smooth integration with other languages traditionally used in enterprise development, such as Java, PHP, and .NET.
Python calls from and to Java, C++ or C code directly allowing considerable process control and implementation of the most common protocols and data formats.
Apart from this, it can be applied to assembling new and old fragments of infrastructure, which is a typical case in complex mobile applications.
Another good thing about Python web development is that it has many frameworks that simplify the development process. Depending on what you’re doing, you may need different frameworks.
Let’s take a look at the most well-known Python frameworks.
There are a variety of packages and libraries available for developing scientific and numeric applications, as well as toolkits (e.g., VTK 3D and MayaVi), a separate imaging library, and many other tools. The most commonly used ones are:
Machine learning (ML) and artificial intelligence (AI) technologies are gaining increasingly more attention, so more developers are trying to incorporate them into various projects. This is possible if you use the right language.
According to Jean Francois Puget, a representative of IBM’s machine learning department, Python is the top language for ML and AI projects, and many developers agree. Python has efficient ML packages, tools for visualizing results, and goes way beyond data analysis and other features that benefit this area of application.
Read more: ML & AI in The Travel Industry
Thanks to its strong integration with C, C++, and Java, Python can come in handy for application scripting. Designed to be embeddable from the very beginning, it can be very useful for customizing large apps and making extensions for them.
What is Python used for in web development and beyond? One more answer: test automation. Many QA automation specialists choose Python for its simple learning curve – it’s also great for those with a more limited technical background – strong community, clear syntax, and readability. Python even has an easy-to-use unit-testing frameworks (e.g., you can perform geolocation testing for mobile applications with it).
Creating prototypes in Python has proven to be a fast and simple process. The agility of the programming language allows for easy code refactoring and quick development of the initial prototype into the final product.
Python has an open-source license that makes it easily accessible to users and facilitates redistribution and unrestricted modifications. Developers can freely use the language and contribute to its improvement.
One of the pros of using Python for server-side scripting is its simple syntax, as mentioned above, which speeds up the process significantly. The code consists of functional modules and connections between them, which allows you to execute the program algorithm based on user actions. Python also supports the graphical user interfaces required in web development.
Python has decent capabilities for dynamic semantics and fast prototyping, which is possible thanks to its interactivity and portability. It can easily be embedded in a wide range of apps, even ones that use different coding languages. Consequently, you can effortlessly fix new modules and extend Python’s core vocabulary. It can connect diverse components. No wonder it’s sometimes called a “glue language”.
Some of you may ask “Why Python is not used for web development?”. Despite Python’s advantages, it also has downsides you should keep in mind if you’re considering using this language for your project.
When you need to have an app created for you, you certainly want the most experienced developers to do the job. However, it’s not so simple with Python, since not many expert programmers are working with this language, especially when you compare it to Java.
Multiprocessing is an important part of writing an application. Python does support multiprocessing, although it might not be as flexible or convenient as other languages. This can create certain limitations when you’re writing the code.
Python is often criticized for its speed. It is an interpreted script language, which makes it relatively slower than a lot of its compiled counterparts, such as C/C++ or Java, due to the different methods it uses to translate code. Yet, some Python benchmarks work faster than those of C and C++.
Some issues connected to speed have been addressed and optimized, so Python remains one of the top choices of software development teams.
It’s not a bad language for mobile development. It’s just that few companies use it for that purpose, preferring native development for iOS and Android or React Native development. You’ll probably have a hard time recruiting developers with experience in Python mobile development, too, for the same reason. It’s just not as popular as other technologies in this sphere.
Python is a language known for the flexibility of its data types. This results in fairly high memory consumption and makes it inconvenient to use for memory-intensive tasks.
Python is dynamically typed, meaning that it executes certain tasks during app runtime that would otherwise be completed in a statically typed language. This puts some restrictions on the design. If your design is loaded with elements, it might stall the program and prevent smooth operation.
Another thing you should be aware of when considering Python for your project is that concurrency and parallelism aren’t intended for elegant use in Python. Because of that, the design might not look as sophisticated as you’d like.
Can Python be used for web development? This article was intended to provide a detailed answer and describe the pros and cons of this programming language.
Python allows you to develop clear and simple applications that are easy to get from a small project to a full-fledged, complex app. Whether you’re a newbie programmer learning how to code or an owner of your business, Python can be a good option for many types of projects.
It’s recognized as one of the best programming languages for startups – and it’s easy to see why when you compare side-by-side Python’s advantages and what startups are all about. Startups are constantly searching for certainty and reduced risks, they have limited resources, and need room to grow. On the other hand, Python is flexible and easy to scale, doesn’t require a big team, and can be used to build prototypes and MVPs.
Django Stars, a Python web development company, has been using the language for many years. We’ve completed various complex projects and have a number of successful examples in spheres such as e-commerce, real estate, and finance. These include:
Python is used and trusted by many renowned companies. Some of the largest and most trusted global firms use Python as their main coding language, along with the Django platform. Instagram, Pinterest, Bitbucket, and Dropbox are a few examples of companies that go for Python web development services.
Сontact Django Stars if you are looking for an experienced Python development team for your project.